Blood Transfusion - Awareness

Provider: 
Nursing & Midwifery
Externally Available: 
No
Overall Aim: 

 

To ensure staff have a clear understanding of the safe, appropriate and timely use of blood components/products, in compliance with national guidelines and hospital policies.

 

Background: 

 

Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) data has shown nationally that administering ABO incompatible blood to a patient has caused death or contributed to major morbidity of the patient. These sessions are designed to raise awareness of these issues with staff new to the Trust as well as update knowledge and understanding for all clinical staff.

To comply with the National Blood Transfusion Committee, BCSH Guidelines and Trust policies, anyone involved in the blood transfusion process must undertake a face to face competency assessment in addition to the Induction Programmes. Refer to Blood Transfusion Course: NBTC - competency assessments in  Pre-transfusion testing. Checking or administering blood components/products.

 

Learning Outcomes: 

 

1. Demonstrate an understanding of the different types of components and products of blood; the appropriate use of these and the significance of waste.

2. Demonstrate an awareness of special blood requirements and their usage.

3. Awareness of the role of blood bank in relation to sampling and issuing of blood components/produts.

4. Awareness of the National Guidelines underpinning safe and appropriate use of blood.

5. Awareness of the risks associated with the transfusion process and the importance of patient information.

6. Awareness of alternatives to blood transfusion.

7. Demonstrate an understanding of the correct procedure to follow when obtaining a sample for pre-transfusion testing and administering a blood component in accordance with National Guidelines and Hospital Policy. 

8. Demonstrate an understanding of the safe monitoring of a patient throughtout a transfusion episode and appropriately documenting information relating to the transfusion.

9. Identify signs and symptoms of transfusion reactions.

10. Demonstrate an understanding of the procedure to follow in the event of an adverse reaction/untoward event relating to pre-transfusion testing and administering blood components/products.

11. Demonstrate an awareness of the mandatory reporting bodies.

 

Assessment: 

 

Questions - G (Generic), Questions O (Obtaining a sample for pre-transfusion testing), Questions A  (Checking and Administering Blood Components/Products), Questions P (Giving sets & pumps).

 

Participants: 

 

All clinical staff should attend the Trust Induction and then attend training bi-annually. Exemptions are those staff who do are not involved in requesting, prescribing, administer blood components/products and obtaining consent for blood transfusion.

 

Duration: 

 

45 minutes session for Training and 60 Minutes for Corporate Induction.

 

Prerequisites: 

 

National Blood Transfusion Committee (NBTC) competency assessments for; Obtaining a sample for pre-transfusion testing or Organising receipt and checking /administration of blood components/products are held in addition to the Induction Programme.

 

Frequency (planned dates): 

 

All clinical staff should attend the Trust Induction and then attend training every two years.

Exemptions - staff who do not request, obtain samples for pre transfusion testing, prescribe or administer blood components.

 

Booking: 

 

For competency assessments please book via easylearning or contact the Transfusion Practitioners on ext 41183(BHH) /49316 (GHH).

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